Department of Environmental Sciences has been established very recently in June 2010 keeping in view the pivotal importance of this subject in Pakistan . This subject as gathered a high reputation all around the world due its applied nature. Environmental science is a cosmopolitan subject because it deals with various branches of studies like chemistry, physics, botany, zoology, geology, geography, and public health etc. It focuses on the sources, reactions, transport, effects and fate of physical and biological species in the air, water and soil along with the effects of human activity upon these. Air, water, land, and noise pollution constantly imperil quality of life and damage the pristine environment. World today is facing serious environmental crisis, for instance, increase in the heat budget of the earth, depletion of non-renewable resources, air pollution, pollution of surface & ground waters, heavy metal pollution, massive destruction of habitats, deforestation, mining, over-fishing and radiation pollution. E cosystem of earth is very fragile, and that man's tampering with it may, in the end, make the earth unlivable, not only for man but for all life forms. Hence, study in the subject of Environmental Science builds skill and knowledge to play an active role in the society.
Environmental pollution drastically reduces the productivity of plants, and is primarily involved in causing several illnesses to the humans: ranging from breathing disorders, cancer, stomach upset, skin allergies, cardiovascular problems, neurobehavioral ailments, kidney damage, typhoid, hepatitis, and most of the enteric & diarrheal diseases due to transmittance of microorganisms via the contaminated water. Atmospheric climate of major cities of Pakistan is also in grave danger due to unchecked noxious emissions by motor traffic, industries and other sources. Hence, Pakistan is plagued with a multitude of environmental problems that needs urgent attention and appropriate action to save the environment for better tomorrow. Department of Environmental Sciences herein BZ University, Multan will contribute devoted and skilled manpower to address the environmental problems of the country on scientific grounds. Parallel to research activities, graduates from this discipline will impart their knowledge at graduate and postgraduate levels at various educational institutions of Pakistan and abroad.
Environmental awareness among society and especially in students will be of utmost important as they are future leaders, future custodians, planners, policy makers, and educators of the environmental issues. Students will undertake basic and applied research on different environmental issues, and will assist government departments, private sector, and other relevant organizations on the framing of rules & regulations along with establishment of appropriate institutions and systems etc. Following are the key objectives of Department of Environmental Sciences:
- To produce enthusiastic, skilled and motivated environmentalists
- Addressing environmental issues and hazardous wastes/effluents
- Solid waste management/recycling technologies
- Causes and control of air, water and land pollution
- Integrated pest management/biological control of diseases
- Improving & conserving biodiversity and supporting forestry
- Fumigation studies for screening native crops and fruits
- Environmental impact assessment studies
- Preservation of cultural heritage from pollutants
- Imparting applied environmental education to society