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<< JRScience Home     Volume 18 No.1  January, 2007    << Back to Volume Home

INFLUENCE OF FOLIAR APPLICATION OF GLYCINE BETAINE ON GAS EXCHANGE CHARACTERISTICS OF COTTON (GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM L.) 

Muhammad Iqbal Makhdum and Shabab-ud-Din

Central Cotton Research Institute, Multan

Abstract:

Water is the most limiting factor in cotton production and numerous efforts are being made to improve crop drought tolerance. A field study was conducted with the objectives to determine the effects of different application rates of glycine betaine in field grown cotton at Central Cotton Research Institute, Multan. Four levels of glycine betaine (0.0, 1.0, 3.0 and 6.0 kg ha-1) were applied at three physiological growth stages i.e. at squaring, first flower and peak flowering. Cotton cultivar CIM-448 was used as test crop. Results showed that crop sprayed with glycine betaine at the rate of 6.0 kg ha-1 maintained 120.0, 62.1, 69.7 and 35.5 percent higher net CO2 assimilation rate (PN), transpiration rate (E), stomatal resistance (gs) and water use efficiency (PN/E), respectively over that of untreated crop. Crop spayed with glycine betaine at peak flowering stage maintained higher PN, E, gs and PN/E compared to at other stages of growth.  

Keywords: Cotton, foliar application, gas exchange, glycine betaine.