The Journal of Institute of Social Science (JISS) is a principal outlet for scholarly articles by the Institute of Social Sciences, Bahauddin Zakariya University of Multan, Pakistan. JISS provides a unique forum for theoretical debates and empirical analyses that move away from narrow disciplinary focus. It is committed to comparative research and articles that speak to cases beyond the traditional concerns of area and single-country studies. Manuscripts, research articles and book reviews on themes of contemporary social sciences will be welcomed. The principal purpose of the journal is to publish scholarly work in the social sciences defined in the classical sense that is in the social sciences, the humanities, and the natural sciences. The research that is published may take a theoretical or speculative model as well as statistical and mathematical. Contributions are welcome from all fields which have relevant and insightful comments to make about the social sciences. The journal has a well-established book review section, research notes, especially on Asian societies, and short essays of special interest to students of the region, which reflects the academic and intellectual diversity within the JISS. While The JISS is the publication of a highly ranked public sector university of Pakistan, it attracts submissions from a wide range of countries. JISS strongly encourages trans disciplinary analysis of contemporary and historical social change in Asia by offering a meeting space for international scholars across the social sciences, including anthropology, criminology, education, special education, language, cultural studies, economics, geography, history, political science, psychology, and sociology. JISS also welcomes humanities-oriented articles that speak to pertinent social issues.