POST HARVEST FERTILITY STATUS OF SOME COTTON BASED LEGUMINOUS AND NON-LEGUMINOUS INTERCROPPING SYSTEMS
Muhammad Bismillah Khan1 and Abdul Khaliq2
1Department of Agronomy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan-60800, Pakistan. 2Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad-38040, Pakistan.
Abstract: Residual effect of different leguminous and non-leguminous intercropping systems on cotton planted in two planting patterns was studied at Agronomic Research Area, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad under irrigated conditions of Central Punjab. Soil samples were collected from 0-15 cm and 15-30 cm depths before planting and after harvesting of each crop, each year to evaluate the impact of leguminous and non-leguminous crops included in this study. Experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (R.C.B.D.) with split arrangement and four replications. Patterns were randomized in main plots and intercrops in sub plots. Plot size was 4.8 m x 7 m. All the intercrops produced substantially smaller yields when grown in association with cotton in either planting pattern compared to their sole crop yields. Residual nitrogen was improved in leguminous intercropping systems as compared to cotton alone as well non-legume intercropping systems. Similarly organic matter was also improved in all intercropping treatments, and maximum increase was recorded due to cowpeas. Phosphorus was depleted in all intercropping systems during both years under study as well as in relation to cotton alone. The same trend (depletion) was also observed in case of residual soil Potassium.
Keywords: Cotton, intercropping systems, N, P, K, organic matter, planting patterns, residual fertility.