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BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF POLYGONUM BARBATUM
Bashir Ahmad Chaudhry1,*, Muhammad Younas Syad1, Khalid Hussain Janbaz1, Altaf Ahmad Dasti2 and Bashir Ahmad Loothar1
1Department of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan. 2Department of Botany, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan.
Abstract: In continuation of our screening programme for biological activities of the higher plants, we have studied Polygonum barbatum. The aerial parts of this species were extracted successively with dichloromethane and methanol. Extracts were submitted to a battery of biological tests including cholinergic activity, spasmolytic activity, larvicidal activity, brine shrimp toxicity, antifungal and antibacterial activities. Dichloromethane extract showed brine shrimp toxicity and spasmolytic activity whereas the methanol extract was found to possess cholinergic activity.
Keywords: Biological activity, Polygonaceae, Polygonum barbatum, screening, spasmolytic.